The explorer William Hovell came across the part of Western Port that is now Tooradin in 1827. European sealers had come and gone from the foreshore since the early 1800s, but no permanent settlement had been achieved. Both the French and the English had expressed interest in the swampy land of Western Port in the early 1800s.
Tooradin was originally the home of the Western Port Aboriginal people called the Bunurong. They had lived in this place for thousands of years.
It was not until 1839 that European settlers began to take up the cattle runs and settle in the area. Tooradin was part of the Yallock Creek run and was surveyed for a township in about 1854. Access by sea was much preferred than the treacherous road to Melbourne.
Early Tooradin Community
Tooradin was always a sea community. The village that grew in the 1870s was immersed in the culture of the sea and the industries that it could support.
Tooradin and the Railway
'Six weeks ago a small railway station was opened in South Gippsland and christened Tooradin. The country it opens up is almost as unknown to the generality of men as the station appeared to be to the booking clerk from whom I took ticket…the train to Tooradin consists of three carriages and a couple of trucks.' (Extract from ‘Hawkeye’ in the Prahran and St. Kilda Chronicle, 1888)
The railway came through Tooradin in 1885 and signalled the beginning of Tooradin’s great tourism days. Recreation activities were enormously popular during the 1890s. Tooradin’s booming fishing industry relied heavily on the railway to transport freshly caught fish. The fish were packed in ice for the journey to Melbourne.
Tooradin railway station was also a delivery point for local produce. Cattle, sheep and crops were raised on the land that stretched from the foreshore out towards Cardinia.
Tooradin the Holiday Mecca
The swimming baths were a great attraction in the early 1900s. They had changing boxes and were popular for 15 years until open bathing was endorsed.
The journalist ‘Hawkeye’ praised Tooradin as an ideal resort. In 1888 he described the creeks and sandy beaches:
'Be this as it may their presence contrives to make Tooradin one of the beauty spots of Victoria.…Below us the tide is swiftly ebbing to the sea, and fish of all descriptions, in about four feet of water, can be distinguished floating down on the ebb tide. It is a fact that the man who loves a rural home may have one at Tooradin and go down to the bottom of his garden, bordering the inlet, and catch a basket of fish before breakfast. And such fish!'
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Courtesy Casey-Cardinia Library Corporation
Reproduction rights: Cranbourne Shire Historical Society